|Calcite Limestone|| |
A limestone containing not more than 5 percent of magnesium carbonate.
|Calcite Streaks|| |
White or milk-like streaks occurring in stone. The streak is a joint plane usually wider than a glass seam; it has been recemented by deposition of calcite in the crack and is structurally sound.
A sheltering roof, as over a niche or doorway.
A projecting element, such as a beam, supported at a single point or along a single line by a wall or column, stabilized by a counter-balancing downward force around the point of fulcrum.
The head or cap of a column.
Shaping, by cutting a design to form; the trade of a sculptor.
A draped female human figure used as a sculptural column or pier, often flanking a doorway, or used as a decorative detail, especially on fireplaces.
|Cement Putty also Cream or Butter|| |
A thick creamy mixture made with pure cement and water, which is used to strengthen the bond between a stone and a setting bed.
To bevel the junction of an exterior angle.
|Chat Sawn Finish|| |
A rough gang saw finish produced by sawing with coarse chat.
The lightweight outer skin of a building that does not carry any weight nor support the building, but which protects it from weather elements.
The ability of a rock mass to break along natural surfaces; a surface of natural parting.
|Cleavage Plane|| |
Plane or planes along which a stone may likely break or delaminate.
The upper part of a wall pierced by windows to bring light into the center of a building, as in the nave of a church.
A natural rounded stone, large enough for use in paving. Commonly used to describe paving blocks, usually granite, which are generally cut to rectangular shapes.
Freestanding or self-supporting structural element carrying forces mainly in compression, whether stone, steel or brick.
|Commercial Marble|| |
A crystalline rock composed predominantly of one or more of the following materials: calcite, dolomite or serpentine, and capable of taking a polish.
A flat stone used as a cap on a freestanding wall, usually to protect the wall from weather.
A stone forming part of a corner or angle in a wall. Also a dedicatory stone laid at the formal inauguration of a building's construction, prominently located but not necessarily at the corner, and usually bearing the date of erection and often an inscription.
A molded projecting stone at the top of an entablature or at the meeting of a roof and wall.
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