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Stone Glossary

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Term Definition
Hand Cut Random Rectangular Ashlar

A pattern where all the stone is hand cut into squares and rectangles, and where all the joints are fairly consistent. Similar to sawed-bed ashlar in appearance.

Hand Dressed

See DRESSED HAND or MACHINE PITCH FACED also known as ROCK FACED ASHLAR - A finish given to both veneer stone and cutting stock, created by establishing a straight line back from the irregular face of the stone. Proper tools are then used to cut along the line leaving a straight arris and the intended rustic finish on the face.


The end of a stone which has been tooled to match the face of the stone. Heads are used at outside corners, windows, door jambs or any place where the veneering will be visible from the side.


The floor of a stone fireplace on which the fire is laid.

Hearth Stone

Originally the large single stone or stones used for the floor of a fireplace; now most commonly used to describe the stone in front of the fire chamber and in many cases extending on either or both sides of the front of the fire chamber.


Sinkages in the top beds of stones to engage Lewis pins for hoisting.

Honed Finish

A super fine smooth finish.

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