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Stone Glossary

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Term Definition
Machine Finish

Standard surface treatment produced by mechanized planers.

Machine Pitch Faced

See HAND PITCH FACED.

Marble

A metamorphic rock composed essentially of calcite and/or dolomite, generally a recrystallization of limestone to marble.

Masonry

Built up construction, usually a combination of materials set in mortar.

Metamorphism

The change or alteration in a rock caused by exterior agencies, such as deep-seated heat and pressure, or intrusion of rock materials.

Miter

The junction of two units at an angle, in which the junction line usually bisects at 45-degrees.

Modular Or Multiple Cut (Also Pattern Cut)

Standard patterns used throughout the stone industry, usually based on multiples of a given height. Stone that is multiple cut or pattern cut is pre-cut to allow typically for 1/4" or 1/2" joints or beds.

Molding

Decorative stone used to introduce variety in profile and contour, deviating from a plane surface by projections, curved profiles, recesses, or any combination thereof.

Mortar

A plastic mixture of cement, lime, sand, and water, used to bond masonry units.

Mosaic

A pattern formed by inlaying tesserae, or small pieces of stone, tile or other material into a cement, plaster or mortar matrix.

Multiple Cut

See MODULAR CUT.