Stone Glossary

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Term Definition
Tablet

A small flat slab or surface of stone especially one bearing or intended to bear an inscription.

Templates

A pattern for repetitive marking or for a fabrication operation.

Terrazzo

A type of concrete in which chips or pieces of stone, usually marble, are mixed with cement and are ground to a flat surface after setting, exposing the chips which take a high polish.

Texture

Three dimensional surface enrichment independent of color.

Tolerance

Dimensional allowance made for the inability of men and machines to fabricate a product of exact dimensions

Tracery

Curvilinear mullions or openwork on windows, window heads, stone panels, etc

Travertine Marble

A variety of limestone regarded as a product of chemical precipitation from hot springs. Travertine is cellular with the cells usually concentrated in thin layers that display a stalactitic structure. Some that take a polish are sold as marble, and may be classified as travertine marble under the class of "Commercial Marble."

Tread

A flat stone used as the top walking surface on a step.

Triglyph

A projecting rectangular block used in series in a classical Doric frieze, distinguished by three vertical bands separated by shallow V-shaped grooves. Triglyphs alternate with plain or sculpted panels (metopes).

Trim

Stone used as decorative items only, such as sills, coping, enframements, etc., with the facing of another material.

Trimmer Arch

A stone arch, usually almost flat, used for supporting a fireplace hearth.

Tuff

Cemented volcanic ash; many varieties included.

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