Stone Glossary

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Term Definition
Snapped Edge, Quarry Cut or Broken Edge

Generally refers to a natural breaking of a stone either by hand or machine. The break should be at right angles to the top and bottom surface.

Soapstone

A massive variety of talc with a soapy or greasy feel, used for hearths, washtubs, table tops, carved ornaments, chemical laboratories, etc., known for its stain proof qualities.

Soffit

The finished underside of a lintel, arch, or portico.

Spall

A stone fragment that has split or broken off the face of a stone, either by the force of a blow or by weathering. Sizes may vary from chip size to one and two man stones. Spalls are primarily used for taking up large voids in rough rubble or mosaic patterns.

Spandrel Wall

A curtain wall panel filling the space between the top of a window in one story and the sill of the window on the story above.

Splay

A beveled or slanted surface.

Split

Division of a rock by cleavage.

Split Face (Sawed Bed)

Usually sawed on the stone bed and split by hand or machine so that the face of the stone exhibits the natural quarry texture

Splitstone Finish

Obtained by sawing to accurate heights, then breaking by machine to required bed widths. (Normal bed widths are 3 1/2".)

Spot Or Spotting

An adhesive contact, usually plaster of Paris, applied between the back of marble veneer and the face of a back-up wall to plum or secure standing marble.

Stacked Bond

Stone that is cut to one dimension and installed with unbroken vertical and horizontal joints running the entire length and height of a veneered area.

Sticking

An expression used in the marble finishing trade to describe the process of cementing together broken slabs or pieces of marble.

Stone

Sometimes synonymous with rock, but more properly applied to individual blocks, masses, or fragments taken from their original formation or considered for commercial use.

Stratification

A structure produced by deposition of sediments in beds or layers (strata), laminae, lenses, wedges, and other essentially tabular units.

Strip Rubble

Generally speaking, strip rubble comes from a ledge quarry. The beds of the stone, while uniformly straight, are of the natural cleft as the stone is removed from the ledge, and then split by machine to approximate 4" widths.

Styolite

A longitudinally streaked, columnar structure occurring in some marbles, and of the same material as the marble in which it occurs.

Surround

An enframement

Tablet

A small flat slab or surface of stone especially one bearing or intended to bear an inscription.

Templates

A pattern for repetitive marking or for a fabrication operation.

Terrazzo

A type of concrete in which chips or pieces of stone, usually marble, are mixed with cement and are ground to a flat surface after setting, exposing the chips which take a high polish.

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