To drill or cut out material left between closely spaced drill holes. Also, a mason's sharp pointed chisel for dressing stone.
|Bull Nose|| |
Convex rounding of a stone member, such as a stair tread.
See CEMENT PUTTY.
Placing mortar on stone with a trowel before setting into place.
|Calcite Limestone|| |
A limestone containing not more than 5 percent of magnesium carbonate.
|Calcite Streaks|| |
White or milk-like streaks occurring in stone. The streak is a joint plane usually wider than a glass seam; it has been recemented by deposition of calcite in the crack and is structurally sound.
A sheltering roof, as over a niche or doorway.
A projecting element, such as a beam, supported at a single point or along a single line by a wall or column, stabilized by a counter-balancing downward force around the point of fulcrum.
The head or cap of a column.
Shaping, by cutting a design to form; the trade of a sculptor.
A draped female human figure used as a sculptural column or pier, often flanking a doorway, or used as a decorative detail, especially on fireplaces.
|Cement Putty also Cream or Butter|| |
A thick creamy mixture made with pure cement and water, which is used to strengthen the bond between a stone and a setting bed.
To bevel the junction of an exterior angle.
|Chat Sawn Finish|| |
A rough gang saw finish produced by sawing with coarse chat.
The lightweight outer skin of a building that does not carry any weight nor support the building, but which protects it from weather elements.
The ability of a rock mass to break along natural surfaces; a surface of natural parting.
|Cleavage Plane|| |
Plane or planes along which a stone may likely break or delaminate.
The upper part of a wall pierced by windows to bring light into the center of a building, as in the nave of a church.
A natural rounded stone, large enough for use in paving. Commonly used to describe paving blocks, usually granite, which are generally cut to rectangular shapes.
Freestanding or self-supporting structural element carrying forces mainly in compression, whether stone, steel or brick.
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