Brick Glossary

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Term Definition

The process of applying a coat of cement mortar to masonry. Often spelled and/or pronounced parging.


An interior wall, one story or less in height.

Pick and Dip

A method of laying brick whereby the bricklayer simultaneously picks up a brick with one hand and, with the other hand, enough mortar on a trowel to lay the brick. Sometimes called the Eastern or New England method.


An isolated column of masonry.


A wall portion projecting from either or both wall faces and serving as a vertical column and/or beam.

Plumb Rule

This is a combination plumb rule and level. It is used in a horizontal position as a level and in a vertical position as a plumb rule. They are made in lengths of 42 and 48 in., and short lengths from 12 to 24 in.


Troweling mortar into a joint after masonry units are laid.

Prefabricated Brick Masonry

Masonry construction fabricated in a location other than its final inservice location in the structure. Also known as preassembled, panelized and sectionalized brick masonry.


A small masonry assemblage made with masonry units and mortar. Primarily used to predict the strength of full scale masonry members.